Amazing collection of rare color photos of Nazi Germany taken in 1930’s Berlin by Thomas Neumann. Till this day pictures were kept in secret Norwegian archives and just recently have been uncovered for the public eye.
Today on August second, 1934, Paul von Hindenburg died. Hitler combined the offices of president and chancellor, and named himself Fuehrer.
The Night of the Long Knives or “Operation Hummingbird [Kolibri]”, or, more commonly used in Germany “Röhm-Putsch” was a purge that took place in Nazi Germany between June 30 and July 2, 1934, when the Nazi regime carried out a series of political executions. Most of those killed were members of the Sturmabteilung (SA), the paramilitary Brownshirts. At least 85 people died during the purge, although the final death toll may have been in the hundreds, and more than a thousand perceived opponents were arrested. Most of the killings were carried out by the Schutzstaffel (SS) and the Gestapo (Geheime Staatspolizei), the regime’s secret police. The purge strengthened and consolidated the support of the Reichswehr for Hitler. It also provided a legal grounding for the Nazi regime, as the German courts and cabinet quickly swept aside centuries of legal prohibition against extra-judicial killings to demonstrate their loyalty to the regime.
From 30 June through 2 July 1934, under the orders of Adolf Hitler, Ernst Roehm, along with other leaders of the Nazi paramilitary organization, the Sturmabteilungen (SA), were purged, a task given to the SS. The Night of the Long Knives was also an opportunity for Nazi leaders to purge political enemies from the right. The purge enabled the NSDAP to form an agreement with the German army, the Reichswehr, so that Hitler could declare himself Führer of Germany after President Hindenburg’s death, and attain absolute power.
“A German mother shields the eyes of her son as they walk with other civilians past a row of exhumed bodies outside Suttrop, Germany. The bodies were those of 57 Russians killed by German SS troops and dumped in a mass grave before the arrival of troops from the U.S. Ninth Army. Soldiers of the 95th Infantry division were led by informers to the massive grave on May 3, 1945. Before burial, all German civilians in the vicinity were ordered to view the victims.”
On 10 May 1933, thousands of books by authors such as Sigmund Freud, Karl Marx, Erich Maria Remarque, Carl von Ossietzky and Kurt Tucholsky were set on fire in the public squares of many university towns. The fires had been organized by the students’ leagues, and the majority of professors took part, making it clear that there would be no opposition to the new regime from the universities..